An introduction to the history and architecture of greeks

greek architecture terms

This clarity is alternated with periods of haze that varies in colour to the light on it. The Orientalizing period c.

Greek architecture influence

Greece poleis spent this time under the hegemony of foreign rulers, first the Macedons and then the Romans, starting in BCE. Every esoteric scholar delving into the mysteries of "the divine proportion" or "the golden mean" claims the Parthenon as his first example: it has so unfailingly pleased millions of eyes, and it measures out so exactly to a mathematical formula. The Greek builders, in their search for "perfect" expressiveness, went on to optical refinements unparalleled elsewhere. That said, Ancient Greek architects took a highly pragmatic approach to the rules surrounding proportions, and when it came to the mathematics of an architectural design they took "appearance" as their guiding principle. The mythologies and cult worship of heroes also played an important role in Greek religion and ritual. Many of the Greek temples and sculptures were painted with bright colors. It was only the wealth which Athens had accumulated after the Persian Wars, that enabled Pericles to build the Parthenon BCE and other stone monuments on the Acropolis, at Athens. Within the colonnade in some late Doric temples a continuous frieze ran like a band around the cella's exterior wall, and was seen in bits from the outside, between columns. For more about Ancient Greece: Overview. The marble sculpture on the Parthenon originally appeared on the building in two series, the continuous frieze within the colonnade and the separated panels between the triglyphs; and the two triangular compositions in the pediments. The spread of this talent moved from the Greeks throughout Europe, especially Ancient Rome and all the way to present day United States. Doric - Doric columns were the most simple and the thickest of the Greek styles.

Her tomb rested on the root of an acanthus plant, and when spring came, the stalks and leaves grew up over the basket. So they added a bit of width here, a bit of height there, and so on, until the structure looked perfect.

The temple typically incorporated an oblong plan, and one or more rows of columns surrounding all four sides.

greek architecture ppt

The interior of the Greek temple characteristically consisted of a cella, the inner shrine in which stood the cult statue, and sometimes one or two antechambers, in which were stored the treasury with votive offerings. Cella - The inner chamber in a temple was called the cella or the naos. Attic red-figure bell krater.

Both these civilizations came to an end around BC, that of Crete possibly because of volcanic devastation, and that of Mycenae because of an invasion by the Dorian people who lived on the Greek mainland.

greek architecture characteristics
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Greek Architecture